Plastic surgery is all the rage these days, with more and more people undergoing it-from Hollywood celebrities to ordinary folks.
Cosmetic surgery is one of the two branches of surgery, along with plastic surgery, and the two are inseparable and carry the same principles and have the same goals. Designed to reshape the forms of the body that nature has made imperfect or that life has altered, cosmetic surgery is a medical discipline in its own right. The techniques used in plastic surgery follow the same rules as all other surgeries; they require the same precautions and the same care, and even more so given its voluntary and not compulsory nature, to ensure that no error is permitted.
The most prevalent cosmetic procedures include:
- Abdominoplasty ("tummy tuck"): reshaping and firming of the abdomen
- Blepharoplasty ("eyelid surgery"): reshaping of the eyelids or the application of permanent eyeliner, including Asian blepharoplasty
- Phalloplasty ("penile liposuction"): construction (or reconstruction) of a penis or, sometimes, artificial modification of the penis by surgery, often for cosmetic purposes
- Breast augmentations ("breast implant" or "boob job"): augmentation of the breasts by means of fat grafting, saline, or silicone gel prosthetics, which was initially performed to women with micromastia
- Reduction mammoplasty ("breast reduction"): removal of skin and glandular tissue, which is done to reduce back and shoulder pain in women with gigantomastia and/or for psychological benefit men with gynecomastia
- Mastopexy ("breast lift"): Lifting or reshaping of breasts to make them less saggy, often after weight loss (after a pregnancy, for example). It involves removal of breast skin as opposed to glandular tissue
- Buttock augmentation ("butt implant"): enhancement of the buttocks using silicone implants or fat grafting ("Brazilian butt lift") and transfer from other areas of the body
- Buttock lift: lifting, and tightening of the buttocks by excision of redundant skin
- Chemical peel: minimizing the appearance of acne, chicken pox, and other scars as well as wrinkles (depending on concentration and type of agent used, except for deep furrows), solar lentigines (age spots, freckles), and photodamage in general. Chemical peels commonly involve carbolic acid (Phenol), trichloroacetic acid (TCA), glycolic acid (AHA), or salicylic acid (BHA) as the active agent.
- Labiaplasty: surgical reduction and reshaping of the labia
- Lip enhancement: surgical improvement of lips' fullness through enlargement
- Rhinoplasty ("nose job"): reshaping of the nose
- Otoplasty ("ear surgery"/"ear pinning"): reshaping of the ear, most often done by pinning the protruding ear closer to the head.
- Rhytidectomy ("face lift"): removal of wrinkles and signs of aging from the face
- Browplasty ("brow lift" or "forehead lift"): elevates eyebrows, smooths forehead skin
- Midface lift ("cheek lift"): tightening of the cheeks
- Suction-assisted lipectomy ("liposuction"): removal of fat from the body
- Chin augmentation ("chin implant"): augmentation of the chin with an implant, usually silicone, by sliding genioplasty of the jawbone or by suture of the soft tissue
- Cheek augmentation ("cheek implant"): implants to the cheek
- Orthognathic Surgery: manipulation of the facial bones through controlled fracturing
- Fillers injections: collagen, fat, and other tissue filler injections, such as hyaluronic acid
- Laser skin resurfacing
- Liposuction:removal of fat deposits by traditional suction technique or ultrasonic energy to aid fat removal
Physical advantages - Cosmetic surgery can help repair physical deformities due to accident or injury.
Psychologicaladvantages - Often, the psychological benefits of plastic surgery can be way greater than the physical perks. If you hate the way you look because of a specific flaw, cosmetic procedures can help you feel better about yourself. By revamping body issues, undergoing surgery can aid in boosting your self-confidence and in giving you a more positive outlook in life.
Choosing a surgeon
Only the specialistqualification in Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic issued by the recognized institutions of Physicians gives the guarantee of a good education. Such qualification is normally issued at the end of several years of specific studies at university and sufficient training in cosmetic surgery in hospital, after a doctorate in medicine.
You can check the qualifications of a surgeon by contacting the relevant institutions and organizations in the country where you live to investigate a surgeons background further. You can also contact the any national association of surgery.